All Posts By

Vivek Vijayan

How Users Have Embraced (or not) the New 280 Character Length Tweets

By | Blog

In November last year, Twitter doubled the limit on tweet length from 140 characters to 280 characters.  Because Affinity Answers observes and analyzes consumer behavior across social networks including Twitter (more on how we do it here), we were prepared to observe lengthier Tweets from brands and celebrities as well as lengthier replies to those Tweets.

Sentiment analysis differs when you analyze short messages (such as SMS and Tweets of 140 characters) as opposed to lengthier ones (like Facebook comments or blog comments). What did we observe from this data?

The above chart says that there has been almost no change in the length of Tweets since the character count doubled. What does it look like when we split them across different categories?

Some of our hypothesis’ that brands and publishers would Tweet longer texts and that fans of celebrities and TV shows would respond (reply) to the Tweets with lengthier texts was proven false. However, we observed something else of interest – engagement with Twitter increased.

We were a bit bewildered with this observation, which showed that engagement of users had increased while the length of the tweets or the replies remained the same. The bewilderment was clarified during the quarterly earnings call of Twitter by Twitter’s CEO Jack Dorsey to the question “Is there less confusion for new users since you’ve expanded the character limit?

Dorsey’s response validated our observation in that “…..And one of the things we’re watching for is to see if the average Tweet size would go up as a result, and it has not. People do have — they’re even more seeing less abandonment of Tweets, but we’re also seeing a lot more engagement…..”

In effect, the addition of room for Twitter users seems to have resulted in a lower abandonment of Tweets with the doubling of the character limit the degree of brevity has remained the same. Will that make Twitter a much more dependable social signal?  We will indeed extract and analyze the metrics again in the coming quarter to determine if this the case.  

Under The Hood of the Affinity Answers Platform: Turning Online Social Interactions into Audience Recommendations at Scale

By | Blog

When Affinity Answers gathers intelligence such as “Consumers interested in The Cheesecake Factory are likely to be interested in Jared Jewelry, Andes Mints and CeraVe”, how do we derive these recommendations?  Hundreds of global brands rely on Affinity Answers’ recommender system in their programmatic media buying because they trust the intelligence from which it is presented.  Powered by AI and through systematic data collection and data science, we turn publicly-expressed social engagements into audience recommendations used in strategy, planning and activation stages of media buying.

Let’s take a deeper look at what happens within the platform of Affinity Answers to power recommendations across 50,000 brands:

Stage 1: Collect the Right Data to Inform Intent

400 million unique users across 45 thousand Facebook pages, Twitter handles and Instagram accounts generate 4 billion engagements (such as likes, comments, replies) every quarter. These publicly available social engagements are at what we refer to as the pre-intent stage of engagement with a brand – when a consumer has expressed interest in a product or service but has not committed to a particular brand.  Collecting data that is a representation of the universe of social engagements with consumer and media brands in statistically significant manner is the primary objective at this stage.

Stage 2: Derive  Meaningful Engagements from Social Data

Of all the social engagements collected, filtering the noise to distill meaningful engagements is the first step. The first filter to gather reliable engagements is Active Engagement, which selects only user responses to brand-initiated actions. Responses to brand-initiated actions are observable and are less impulsive, which tend to have greater relevancy for branding at the pre-intent stage. Affinity Answers filters active engagements to gather intelligence and the course of this, we have observed that only around 10% of engagements of the total collected make the cut. What constitutes the 10% that is deemed useful?

  • Recency: Affinity towards brands change over time. The recent behaviors are weighted greater than those in the distant past.
  • Frequency: Hyper-activeness can be classified as ultra-casual users who give away a social acknowledgment such as a like or a comment without much consideration. On the other side of the spectrum are users with isolated engagement with one entity. While one is a bot, the other one is socially reluctant – both are of no use and are treated as outliers. See here on more about bot behavior that we have observed in our data.
  • Intensity: For a post about a new coffee by a Cafe, the comment “The coffee is packaged well but is absolutely useless” has the right subjectivity but a negative polarity. A post to sell one’s old car such as “I have an awesome BMW to sell; meet me at this cafe” – is a comment with positive polarity but poor subjectivity
  • Type of Engagement: Differentiating active engagement from the passive ones is like separating the wheat from the chaff. An observable, positive user response to an observable brand-initiated engagement is separated out for treatment. In the case of Facebook, comment on a content post made by the brand is considered active engagement as opposed to a mention of the brand out of context.

Stage 3: Generate Cross-Brand Audience Recommendations

At this stage, we have identified the strongest possible engagement indicators between users and brands. We have observed that on an average, each user expresses positive engagement with 9 brands (out of several thousand). That means, there are plenty of unexpressed interests. Unexpressed interests cannot be treated as dislikes. Mathematically speaking, we have a matrix like the one below, the only difference being that the number of rows runs into the hundreds of millions and the columns into the tens of thousands.


The challenge is to turn a matrix like the one above into actionable intelligence such as the matrix below:

# Score indicates the likelihood of a user with known interests in one brand to exhibit interest in the other

Social users express preferences across a huge set of brands, celebrities, sports, movies, authors and several other items. Based on the expressed interests of a particular user, we have built a recommendation system that generates what else could interest the user. How do we do that? We have built a recommender system which finds similar users and recommends what they liked, like that of Amazon.com or the Netflix Prize fame predicting movie ratings, which is a popular technique known as Collaborative Filtering.

What does the Affinity Answers recommender system do differently?

  • Cross-domain recommendations: Derive unprecedented cross-domain recommendations, for instance, audience consumers interested in Game of Thrones can be recommended a particular brand of bread; this can be used to expand the reach beyond the usual suspects of demographics and same-category brand audience.
  • Audience prediction: Recommendations to predict an audience interest based on known interests; this can be used to find pre-intent audiences at a scale that can be targeted across any programmatic media.
  • Scored recommendation: indicating the likelihood of a user with known interests to exhibit the recommended interest; this can be used to find the act-alike audience that best matches the campaign requirements.

Affinity Answers has mastered harnessing the power of turning the social graph into a scalable and digestible platform that brands and agencies rely on for planning programmatic media buying campaigns. We are constantly innovating the technology and our product suite to make this intelligence accessible to marketers globally and are looking for people that are as passionate about what we’re building to join our product and engineering team. Visit our career page for more information.